PROMs support a patient-centred approach to care
Patient-reported outcomes are essential to understanding whether health care services and procedures make a difference to patients' health status and quality of life. As illustrated in CIHI's Health System Performance Measurement Framework, information from the patient's perspective is essential to support a patient-centred approach to care. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly recognized as valuable and essential information for achieving health system goals.
Health outcomes information
- What are PROMs? PROMs are measurement instruments that patients complete to provide information on aspects of their health status that are relevant to their quality of life, including symptoms, functionality and physical, mental and social health.
- Why collect PROMs? Patient-reported outcomes are essential to understanding whether health care services and procedures make a difference to patients' health status and quality of life. PROMs provide insight on the effectiveness of care from the patient's perspective and complement existing information on the quality of care and services provided.
- Who uses PROMs? PROMs can be used to inform clinical practices; health services programming, planning and policies; performance measurement; comparative effectiveness analysis; and quality improvement initiatives.
The PROMs Background Document provides additional information on PROMs.
In February 2015, CIHI hosted a pan-Canadian PROMs Forum to further the development of PROMs information across Canada. This event provided an opportunity for Canadian health leaders to discuss PROMs and explore considerations and opportunities for standardizing PROMs data collection and reporting across Canada. Discussions at the CIHI PROMs Forum confirmed interest in advancing a common approach to PROMs across Canada, as well as a desire for CIHI to provide leadership and guide the development of a pan-Canadian approach to PROMs.
Read the PROMs Forum Proceedings for a summary of the discussions.
A common approach to collecting and reporting PROMs data is more cost-effective and timely, and provides much more comparable data (regionally, nationally and internationally) with which to drive health system enhancements. In Canada, while there are some regional-level PROMs initiatives, a standardized program for routine PROMs collection and reporting does not exist. CIHI is working with a broad range of stakeholders to explore opportunities for advancing a common approach to using PROMs across Canada.
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