The Canadian Patient Cost Database (CPCD) contains patient-level cost data from health service organizations in British Columbia, Ontario and Alberta.
Detailed costs are submitted to CIHI at the individual encounter level for:
- Long-term care
- Complex continuing care
- Mental health
- Rehabilitation services
Note: See the Data Coverage section for more information on individual encounter.
Find out more about health spending, including reports and analyses based on CPCD data.
More than 60 Canadian health service organizations submit data to the CPCD, including:
- The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care in Ontario
- Alberta Health and Wellness
- Fraser Health Authority and St. Paul’s Hospital in British Columbia
CIHI continues to encourage health service organizations and jurisdictions to submit cost data.
Depending on the type of care received, the term “encounter” can mean:
- An inpatient stay
- An emergency department, clinic or day surgery visit
- The length of time a resident spent in a long-term care facility (similar to inpatient stay, but resident stays often span fiscal years and may include planned absences)
- The length of time spent in a mental health facility (similar to an inpatient stay)
CPCD data is available for the following fiscal years:
- Most recent year: 2016–2017
- Upcoming year: 2017–2018 (Fall 2019)
- Historical data: 2004–2005 to 2015–2016
For data from 2004–2005 to 2016–2017, please complete a data request form.
The Patient Cost Estimator (PCE) uses CPCD data to estimate the average cost of services provided in hospitals.
Health service organizations can report their finances to the CPCD at both the patient and encounter levels. They do this through an activity-based cost accounting methodology. In health care, this methodology is known as patient costing or case costing.
Variables and concepts used to capture information in the CPCD are based on the MIS Standards and its companion document, the MIS Patient Costing Methodology. These standards are used to report management information and to create patient cost data that is ultimately submitted to the CPCD. Health service organizations also use these standards to report departmental-level management information to the Canadian MIS Database.
The Canadian Patient Cost Database Data Submission Specifications provide details on the type of data available in the CPCD and guidelines for data submitters when sending data to CPCD. To obtain a copy please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
CIHI ensures that the quality of the information in our data holdings is suited to its intended uses and that data users are provided with accurate information about data quality. Read more about our Data and Information Quality Program.
CPCD data quality documentation is currently unavailable.