Registered nurses (RNs) are health care professionals who work both autonomously and in collaboration with others to enable individuals, families, groups, communities and populations to achieve their optimal levels of health. At all stages of life, in situations of health, illness, injury and disability, RNs deliver direct health care services, coordinate care and support clients in managing their own health. RNs contribute to health care systems through their leadership across a wide range of settings in practice, education, administration, research and policy. RNs are currently regulated in all 13 provinces and territories.Reference1
Advanced practice nursing (APN) is an umbrella term for RNs who integrate graduate nursing educational preparation with in-depth, specialized clinical nursing knowledge and expertise in complex decision-making to meet the health needs of individuals, families, groups, communities and populations. Two APN roles are recognized in Canada: nurse practitioner (NP) and clinical nurse specialist (CNS).Reference2
- Back to Reference 1 in text
- Canadian Nurses Association. Framework for the Practice of Registered Nurses in Canada External link, opens in new window. 2015.
- Back to Reference 2 in text
- Canadian Nurses Association. Advanced Practice Nursing — A Pan-Canadian Framework External link, opens in new window. 2019.