Paramedics administer pre-hospital care to patients with injuries or medical illnesses and transport them to hospitals or other medical facilities for further medical care.
Paramedics are employed by private ambulance services, hospitals, fire departments, government department and agencies, manufacturing firms, mining companies and other private sector establishments.
CIHI’s Health Workforce Database (HWDB) collects aggregate-level, standardized data on the regulatory environment, supply, and demographic and education characteristics of paramedics in Canada.
- Data on paramedics from 2011 to 2017 is available on request by completing this data inquiry form or emailing us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- For more information on CIHI’s health workforce data, visit the HWDB metadata page.
Reports and analyses
- Canada’s Health Care Providers: Provincial Profiles, 2008 to 2017 — Data Tables (Jan 2019)
- Canada’s Health Care Providers: Provincial Profiles, 2007 to 2016 — Data Tables (Dec 2017)
- Canada’s Health Care Providers: Provincial Profiles, 2013
- Canada’s Health Care Providers — 1997 to 2011: A Reference Guide
In Canada, paramedics are regulated in all provinces but not territories.
To practise as a paramedic in Canada, an individual must register with a provincial regulatory body or government as required. The requirements to obtain a licence are similar across the country but can vary slightly from one jurisdiction to another.
- Complete a recognized training program— emergency medical responder (EMR), primary care paramedic (PCP), advanced care paramedic (ACP) or critical care paramedic (CCP)
- Pass a provincial registration examination, which might vary depending on the paramedic level (applicable in most provinces)
- Register with a provincial regulatory body or the provincial government as required
Scope of practice
The scope of practice for paramedics is articulated in provincial/territorial regulatory legislation, which outlines the range of responsibilities that define the boundaries of professional practice.
- Professional responsibilities
- Health and safety
- Assessment and diagnostics
- Health promotion and public safety
i. Paramedic Association of Canada. National Occupational Competency Profile for Paramedics. 2011.