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About audiologists

Audiologists are hearing health professionals who identify, diagnose and manage individuals with peripheral or central hearing loss, tinnitus, vestibular and balance disorders and other communication disorders across the lifespan.

Audiologists may practise independently or within an interprofessional framework, collaborating with other professionals such as speech–language pathologists, physicians (e.g., pediatricians, ear–nose–throat specialists, geneticists), nurses, educators, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, psychologists, child care staff and social workers, as well as communication health assistants. Audiologists provide a broad range of clinical and other professional services.

Data availability

CIHI’s Health Workforce Database (HWDB) collects aggregate-level, standardized data on the regulatory environment, supply, and demographic and education characteristics of audiologists in Canada.

Reports and analyses

Regulatory environment

In Canada, audiologists are regulated in all provinces except Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia and are not regulated in any of the territories.

Practice criteria

To practise as an audiologist in Canada, audiologists must hold a master’s degree or equivalent in audiology and a licence to practise, if the jurisdiction in which they practise is governed by a regulatory body.

Scope of practice

The scope of practice for audiologists is articulated in provincial/territorial regulatory legislation, which outlines the range of responsibilities that define the boundaries of professional practice.

Audiologists are highly trained professionals whose central focus is on human hearing, both normal and impaired, and its relationship to disorders of communication. Because of their potential relationship to auditory impairments, a secondary focus of audiology is on vestibular or balance disorders. Their main functions includeii

  • Identifying hearing impairments
  • Assessing and interpreting hearing tests in order to form a diagnosis of impairment
  • Providing a full range of habilitation and rehabilitation services including fitting, selling and dispensing hearing aids
  • Designing, implementing and coordinating hearing conservation programs
  • Administering and interpreting electrophysiologic measurements of neural function
  • Designing, implementing, analyzing, interpreting and reporting the results of research related to auditory and vestibular systems

i. Speech-Language & Audiology Canada. Becoming an Audiologist. Accessed August 10, 2017.
ii. Speech-Language & Audiology Canada. Scope of Practice. Accessed August 10, 2017.