Hospital-based acute inpatient care is a key component of the continuum of health services in Canada. It provides necessary treatment for a disease or severe episode of illness for a short period of time. The goal is to discharge patients as soon as they are healthy and stable.
CIHI provides valuable insight on volumes and types of cases presenting to Canadian hospitals. We also facilitate the collection of standardized information on acute inpatient care through these databases:
Stakeholders, including health facilities, health regions, ministries of health and academic researchers, use this information for resource and service planning, policy decisions and research.
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Acute care information
- Care in Canadian ICUs (August 2016)
- Inpatient Hospitalizations, Surgeries, Newborns and Childbirth Indicators in 2014–2015 (March 2016)
- Induced Abortions Reported in Canada in 2014 (December 2015)
- Defining High Users in Acute Care: An Examination of Different Approaches (July 2015)
- Inpatient Hospitalizations, Surgeries and Childbirth Indicators in 2013–2014 (March 2015)
- Self-harm and assault: A closer look at children and youth (Nov. 2014)
- Eating disorders in Canada: A growing mental health issue among young women (Sep. 2014)
- Inpatient Hospitalizations, Surgeries and Childbirth Indicators in 2012–2013 (June 2014)
- Bariatric surgery in Canada (May 2014)
- Leading Hospitalization Costs in Acute Inpatient Facilities in 2012–2013 (March, 2014)
- Hospital Births in Canada: A Focus on Women Living in Rural and Remote Areas (July 2013)
- End-of-Life Hospital Care for Cancer Patients (April 2013)
- Profiling Acute Inpatient Care for Sparsely Populated Areas in Western Canada (Sep. 2011)
- Trends in Acute Inpatient Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits (June 2012)
- Alternate Level of Care in Canada (Jan. 2009)
- Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) reabstraction studies
- Hospital Report series
- eDAD Reports
eDAD Reports is an online tool that provides comparative, dynamic and timely information on separations from acute care institutions in Canada, including same-day surgery procedures. This includes discharges, deaths, sign-outs and transfers. eDAD Reports provides the answers you need to support effective hospital and health system management. Who can benefit?
- Executives looking for quick, high-level summaries
- Managers investigating improvement opportunities
- Analysts seeking specific details
Learn about features, benefits and how to access eDAD Reports.
Discharge Abstract Database
The Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) contains demographic, administrative and clinical data on inpatient hospital discharges. Facilities in all provinces and territories except Quebec are required to report to the DAD. Quebec acute inpatient records are submitted to CIHI through a different process and are included in the Hospital Morbidity Database.
For information about data submission standards for the DAD, see the Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) Abstracting Manual.
Hospital Morbidity Database
The Hospital Morbidity Database (HMDB) is a national data holding that captures administrative, clinical and demographic information on hospital inpatient events. It contains inpatient data collected via the DAD and inpatient records submitted from Quebec. Please note that Quebec day surgery records are part of the HMDB population as of 2012–2013.
Metadata is information about data. It helps users understand and interpret data from a specific source.
Find out more about the following data sources:
- Alternate level of care (ALC) in acute inpatient care is reported to CIHI within the Discharge Abstract Database (DAD). For more information, see Definitions and Guidelines to Support ALC Designation in Acute Inpatient Care, job aids (below) and a mobile-friendly tool.
- Classifications, DAD, NACRS and Case Mix Education Roadmap
- Alternate Level of Care Diagnosis List: Clarification of Use
- Changes to Z‐Codes Allowable With ALC Service 99
- Definitions and Guidelines to Support ALC Designation in Acute Inpatient Care
- Ensure Accurate Maternal Newborn Chart Number Linkage in the DAD
- How to monitor your DAD and/or NACRS data submissions
- How to Prepare for a New Fiscal Year of DAD and NACRS Data Collection
- Recording Postal Codes in the DAD and NACRS
- Recording Service Transfers in the DAD
- Comprehensive Ambulatory Classification System (CACS)—A national grouping methodology for ambulatory care patients
- Case Mix Decision-Support Guide: CMG+
- Acute and Ambulatory Care Data Content Standard