In recent years, the Canadian Institute for Health Information, along with other national, provincial and regional organizations, has expanded the reporting of health indicators by socio-economic status and demographic factors.
These efforts have improved our understanding of current patterns of inequalities in health and factors influencing health. Monitoring health inequalities in a systematic and comparable way over time helps to identify vulnerable populations and to examine the impact that policies and interventions may have on the health of Canadians.
Information on Health Inequalities
CIHI has launched the Trends in Income-Related Health Inequalities in Canada project, which examines whether Canada and the provinces have made progress in reducing the health gap between lower- and higher-income individuals over the past decade.
We recently hosted a pan-Canadian dialogue about measuring equity in health care. The goals were to identify and agree on core stratifiers (socio-demographic variables), discuss how to access and/or collect these stratifiers, and contribute to an action plan for advancing equity measurement in health care.
- Pan-Canadian Dialogue to Advance the Measurement of Equity in Health Care: Proceedings Report (July 2016)
- Trends in Income-Related Health Inequalities in Canada (Nov. 2015)
- Children Vulnerable in Areas of Early Development: A Determinant of Child Health (Oct. 2014)
- Treatment of Preventable Dental Cavities in Preschoolers: A Focus on Day Surgery Under General Anesthesia (Oct. 2013)
- Lifetime Distributional Effects of Publicly Financed Health Care in Canada (May 2013)
- Hospital Care for Heart Attacks Among First Nations, Inuit and Métis (Jan. 2013)
- Disparities in Primary Health Care Experiences Among Canadians With Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (Mar. 2012)
- Urban Physical Environments and Health Inequalities: A Scoping Review of Interventions (Feb. 2012)
- Urban Physical Environments and Health Inequalities (Mar. 2011)
- Hospitalization Disparities by Socio-Economic Status for Males and Females (Oct. 2010)
- Health Inequalities Interactive Tool
- Canadian Marginalization Index (CAN-Marg)
- Deprivation in Canadian Cities: An Analytical Tool
- Equity Action: Health Equity Tools for Health System Managers — Self-study course (2014)
- Contemporary Use of Area-Based Socio-Economic Measures — Journal issue (2012)
- Exploring Urban Environments and Inequalities in Health: A Scoping Review of Interventions (2012)
- Reducing Gaps: Using Area-Based Socio-Economic Measures to Explore Population Health — Self-study course (2012)
- Exploring Urban Environments and Inequalities in Health (July 2010)