Text version of infographic
A profile of nursing in Canada, 2019
Nursing supply, 2019
439,975 regulated nurses had an active licence in 2019.
The supply breakdown for the 4 groups of regulated nursing professionals is as follows: 6,159 nurse practitioners (NPs); 300,669 registered nurses (RNs); 6,050 registered psychiatric nurses (RPNs); and 127,097 licensed practical nurses (LPNs) (referred to as registered practical nurses in Ontario†).
Nursing workforce, 2019
Over 90% of regulated nurses are working in nursing-specific jobs. Of these nurses, more than 9 out of 10 are providing direct care to patients.
1 in 10 regulated nurses in the workforce is age 60 and older.*
NPs are almost twice as likely to work in a rural/remote setting compared with RNs.‡
While RPNs focus on mental health and addictions, a proportion of other nursing professionals provide direct care in mental health, as follows: 3% of NPs, 5% of RNs and 5% of LPNs.§
The proportion of male nurses in the workforce is as follows: 19% of RPNs and 9% of other regulated nursing professionals.**
Notes† For clarity and consistency, CIHI refers to these nurses as LPNs.
* Nurses whose age was not available or not stated were excluded. Age data is not available for LPNs from New Brunswick, Yukon and Nunavut; and for RPNs from Yukon.
‡ Nurses with an unknown postal code of workplace and an unknown postal code of residence were excluded.
§ NPs, RNs and LPNs with an unknown place of work and an unknown area of responsibility were excluded.
** Nurses whose sex was not available or not stated were excluded. Sex data is not available or not included for RPNs from Yukon, and LPNs from New Brunswick, Yukon and Nunavut.
Supply refers to all regulated nurses who have an active licence.
RPNs are regulated only in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia and Yukon.
Workforce refers to only regulated nurses who were employed at the time of annual registration.
2019 workforce data is not available for LPNs from New Brunswick, Yukon and Nunavut; and for RPNs from Yukon. Employment data for NPs and RNs in Manitoba for 2019 has been suppressed due to significant under-coverage as a result of voluntary reporting. For more information about data collection and comparability, refer to Nursing in Canada, 2019 — Methodology Notes.
SourceHealth Workforce Database, 2020, Canadian Institute for Health Information.
How to cite this document: Canadian Institute for Health Information. A profile of nursing in Canada, 2019 [infographic]. Ottawa, ON: CIHI; 2020