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Developing and implementing accurate national standards for Canadian health care information

CIHI’s data standards make a positive impact on health care data and are used in each of CIHI’s data holdings. Working with our stakeholders, we take a lead role in developing and implementing national standards to enhance the consistency and accuracy of Canadian health care information. For example,

MIS Standards

The Standards for Management Information Systems in Canadian Health Service Organizations (MIS Standards) is a set of national standards for gathering and processing data and for reporting financial and statistical data on the day-to-day operations of a health service organization.

CIHI Reference Data Model

The CIHI Reference Data Model (CRDM) is a high-level, corporate-wide data architecture standard. The goal of the CRDM is to facilitate data integration across CIHI by having common terminology and meaning. To access the CRDM Toolkit, email


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Explore practical resources that your health care organization can use when implementing an interRAI assessment system.

Data Standards by Data Holding

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Data Holding Title Year Sort ascending Description
CPCD MIS Patient Cost Database Methodology 2019

This document is a comprehensive methodology that describes allocation and cost distribution per patient visit for comparisons and decision-making on resource consumption and performance.

CJRR Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Data Collection Manual: Hip and Knee Arthroplasty, 2019 2019

This manual is intended to serve as a resource for organizations that are interested in collecting patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and implementing CIHI standards for PROMs in hip and knee arthroplasty.

OECD Patient-Reported Indicator Surveys (PaRIS) Initiative: Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) for Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery — International Data Collection Guidelines 2019

Explore PROMs tools, international recommendations for PROMs hip and knee data collection, and other considerations for PROMs implementation. 

DAD Discharge Abstract Database Data Elements, 2018–2019 2018–2019

Comparative list of 2018–2019 mandatory and optional data elements for DAD acute inpatient and day surgery abstracts.

NACRS National Ambulatory Care Reporting System Data Elements, 2018–2019 2018–2019

Comparative list of 2018–2019 mandatory and optional data elements for all NACRS data submission options.

Health Based Allocation Model: HBAM Inpatient Group Methodology and Reports at CIHI 2018

Info sheet describing the Health Based Allocation Model Inpatient Group methodology at CIHI.