July 30, 2020 — Our report examines the transformations that have occurred in Canada’s 4 groups of regulated nursing professionals. All groups work both independently and in collaboration with health care teams to provide care to individuals. Canada’s nursing workforce includes nurse practitioners (NPs), registered nurses (RNs), registered psychiatric nurses (RPNs) and licensed practical nurses (LPNs). Each province and territory has its own legislation governing nursing practice, as well as its own body that regulates and licenses its members.

This year, CIHI acknowledges the International Year of the Nurse and the 200th anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale, a pioneer in health care data visualizations that remain in use today.

Use the data tables, Quick Stats tool and chartbook to explore nursing data and pan-Canadian trends that influence the labour market and provide insight for effective planning and management of health care delivery across the country.

Note: The following data and findings reflect the most recent information available from the 2019 data cycle before the COVID-19 pandemic.

Key findings

  • The total supply of regulated nurses in Canada reached 439,975 in 2019. This represented 6,159 nurse practitioners, 300,669 registered nurses, 6,050 registered psychiatric nurses and 127,097 licensed practical nurses.
  • The total number of regulated nurses in the workforce was 396,085, indicating that over 90% of the overall nursing supply was employed in 2019. Of these nurses, more than 9 out of 10 provided direct care to patients.
  • In 2019, there were 37,370 internationally educated nurses licensed to practise in Canada, representing 8.9% of Canada’s regulated nursing supply. RNs had the highest proportion (9.4%), with a total of 28,306 internationally educated nurses.

Featured material

Report

Take a closer look at the trends in the supply of nurses and the nursing workforce in Canada overall and in each province and territory. For policy advisors and workforce planners to collect key messages, visuals and pan-Canadian highlights.

View full report (PDF)

Infographic

See a shareable summary of the supply, employment and demographic trends of Canada’s 4 groups of regulated nursing professionals.

View infographic

Chartbook

Explore pan-Canadian nursing supply and workforce slides and visuals by province and territory. For policy advisors and workforce planners, and for use in briefings and presentations.

Download chartbook (PPTX)

Quick Stats 

Create customizable visualizations on supply, workforce, and inflow and outflow, and explore a provincial/territorial dashboard showing nursing workforce characteristics by type of nurse and place of work from 2010 to 2019. For workforce planners, health service delivery managers and analysts to monitor, evaluate and support planning. 

Explore interactive data (XLSX)

Data tables

Get an overview of the supply, workforce, employment, education and demographic trends of Canada’s nursing workforce. For analysts and researchers to manipulate and analyze raw data by year, jurisdiction and type of nurse.

Download data tables (XLSX)