Figure 1: Avoidable Mortality Indicators (see page 5 in the report)
Adapted from M. Tobias, Amenable Mortality: Concept and Application (Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health, 2009), accessed on March 8, 2012, from <http://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/>.
Avoidable mortality refers to untimely deaths (among those under age 75) that should not occur in the presence of timely and effective health care or other public health practices, programs and policy interventions.
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes is a subset of avoidable mortality that includes deaths which could be avoided by preventing disease from developing or injury from occurring. These include deaths from those conditions considerably linked to modifiable factors, such as smoking (for example, lung cancer) or excessive alcohol consumption (for example, liver cirrhosis), as well as those related to public health interventions such as vaccinations or traffic safety legislation (for example, speed limits, seat belts, motorcycle helmets).
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes is a subset of avoidable mortality that includes deaths which could be averted or significantly delayed by screening, early detection and appropriate treatment (for example, breast cancer, appendicitis).