Giving birth continues to be the most common reason for hospitalization across Canada, according to new data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). There were more than 3 million hospitalizations in 2017–2018, and the top 5 causes for hospitalization remained consistent with those for the previous 3 years.
Top 5 reasons for hospitalization in Canada, 2017–2018
|Reason for hospitalization||Number of hospitalizations||Percentage of hospitalizations||Average acute length of stay|
|1. Giving birth||362,700||11.8||2.2|
|2. COPD and bronchitis||93,353||3.0||7.2|
|3. Acute myocardial infarction||71,192||2.3||4.9|
|5. Heart failure||68,972||2.2||8.9|
COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
“CIHI’s hospital data can be used to provide valuable insights to monitor hospital use, support health care management decision-making and ultimately improve patient outcomes.” — Greg Webster, Director, Acute and Ambulatory Care Information Services, CIHI
The top 5 inpatient surgeries in 2017–2018 remained consistent with those for the previous 4 years.
Top 5 inpatient surgeries in Canada, 2017–2018
|Type of surgery||Number of inpatient surgeries||Percentage of inpatient surgeries||Average acute length of stay|
|1. Caesarean section||104,349||7.0||3.0|
|2. Knee replacement||70,215||4.7||3.5|
|3. Hip replacement||58,333||3.9||5.9|
|4. Fracture repair||55,294||3.7||9.4|
|5. Coronary artery angioplasty||42,449||2.9||4.3|
CIHI’s latest analysis of inpatient hospitalizations also includes information on
- Hospitalization rates and average lengths of stay for the past 5 years; and
- The number of newborns born in hospital over time and by province/territory.
CIHI is an independent, not-for-profit organization that provides essential information on Canada’s health systems and the health of Canadians. We provide comparable and actionable data and information that are used to accelerate improvements in health care, health system performance and population health across Canada. Our stakeholders use our broad range of health system databases, measurements and standards, together with our evidence-based reports and analyses, in their decision-making processes. We protect the privacy of Canadians by ensuring the confidentiality and integrity of the health care information we provide.
Corinne Ton That