Exploring Urban Environments and Inequalities in Health

Printer-friendly version
CPHI: Exploring Urban Environments and Inequalities in Health

Exploring Urban Environments and Inequalities in Health

CPHI Data Briefs Cover Canada’s 33 Census Metropolitan Areas

In 2008, the Canadian Population Health Initiative (CPHI) released the report Reducing Gaps in Health: A Focus on Socio-Economic Status in Urban Canada. This report examined the links between socio-economic status and health in urban Canada. Data for 15 Canadian census metropolitan areas (CMAs) was shown and analyses of health service utilization/hospitalization and self-reported health were presented. The Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ) Deprivation Index, which consists of material and social dimensions related to socio-economic status and health, was used to classify areas into high, average and low socio-economic status groups.

As a follow-up to that report, CPHI prepared a data brief for each of Canada’s 33 CMAs, in addition to an overarching data brief that features data on all 33 CMAs combined. These data briefs, Exploring Urban Environments and Inequalities in Health, provide new and more detailed data that builds upon the Reducing Gaps in Health report.

In these data briefs, health service utilization/hospitalization and self-reported health data is split into five socio-economic status groups and is presented by the material and social components of the INSPQ Deprivation Index separately, as well as by the two components combined. The data presented in the data briefs was selected on the basis of its use in the Reducing Gaps in Health report and its documented relationship with the urban environment as revealed by a review of the literature.

Data for each of Canada’s 33 CMAs and for all 33 CMAs combined may be accessed through the clickable map below. For each CMA, four products are available:

  • A PDF of the data brief specific to that CMA
  • Three high-resolution maps (JPEG) that show the distribution of socio-economic status within that CMA by the combined, material or social components of the INSPQ Deprivation Index

In addition to the four downloadable products, basic demographic information is provided for each CMA.

Select a CMA to view the available products within that area:

WinnipegReginaSaskatoonCalgaryKelownaKelownaVancouverVancouverAbbotsford-MissionAbbotsford-MissionVictoriaEdmontonThunder BayGreater SudburySaguenayTrois-RivieresTrois-RivieresQuebecMontrealMontrealOttawa-GatineauOttawa-GatineauSherbrookeSaint JohnSaint JohnHalifaxHalifaxMonctonMonctonSt. JohnsWindsorLondonKitchenerBrantfordBrantfordHamiltonHamiltonSt. Catharines-NiagaraGuelphGuelphTorontoTorontoOshawaBarriePeterboroughKingstonCanada's 33 CMA's combined


Note: Health service utilization/hospitalization data includes discharges from acute care facilities only (psychiatric facilities are excluded).

Use CIHI's accessibility request form to request CIHI documentation in an accessible format.