Canadian Marginalization Index

The Canadian Marginalization Index (CAN-Marg) is based on census and geography and seeks to

    • Show differences in marginalization between areas; and

    • Understand inequalities in various measures of health and social well-being, either between population groups or between geographic areas.

CAN-Marg was developed using a theoretical framework based on previous work on deprivation and marginalization. The index is multifaceted, allowing researchers and policy and program analysts to explore multiple dimensions of marginalization in urban and rural Canada. It contains four dimensions: material deprivation, residential instability, dependency and ethnic concentration.

CAN-Marg can be used for

1) Planning and needs assessment;

2) Resource allocation;

3) Monitoring of inequities; and

4) Research.

CAN-Marg was developed by researchers at the Centre for Research on Inner City Health at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto.

The index comes in the format of Excel data files. Data is available for 2001 and 2006 and can be downloaded from