Information on Canada's healthcare system

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Health Care System Information from CIHI

CIHI produces a lot of information on Canada&eacirc;’s health care system and much is publicly available. The information focuses on four key areas:

     Types of care

     Spending and the health workforce

     Health system performance

     Factors influencing health

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Types of care

  • Acute care hospitals: How many Canadians enter hospital every year? Why do they enter hospital? How does the average cost of a procedure vary among provinces and health regions?
  • Organ donations: CIHI tracks information on all solid organ donations and cases of kidney disease. This includes information on transplant and dialysis rates, survival rates, types of donors (live versus deceased) and patient characteristics.
  • Diagnostic imaging: How many magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, computed tomography (CT) scanners and other diagnostic machines are operating in Canada? How are they being used?
  • Other: We also have data and information on other elements of care in Canada. This includes data on prescribed drugs, home and continuing care, primary health care and the use of emergency departments.

Spending and the health workforce

  • Spending: How much does Canada spend on health care? Where does the money go? Who&eacirc;’s spending it (public sector versus private sector)? How do the provinces and territories compare with one another? How does Canada compare internationally?
  • Health workforce: How many family physicians or nurse practitioners are working in Canada? How has this changed over time? Our data covers physicians, regulated nurses, occupational therapists, pharmacists, physiotherapists and 26 other groups of health professionals. Information is available by province and health region, and includes migration and demographic trends.

Health system performance

  • Access/wait times: We collect comparable data on wait times in five priority areas: joint replacements, cancer care, cardiac care, sight restoration and diagnostic imaging. We report on progress in meeting clinically recommended benchmarks for these five areas. We also produce special reports on access to primary health care and wait times in emergency departments.
  • Patient safety and quality of care: We publish special reports and analyses to measure risk and inform prevention efforts. CIHI also produces measures of health system performance by province and health region. These measures include hospital readmission rates for heart attack and stroke patients.

Factors influencing health

  • Why are some Canadians healthier than others? What can be done to improve the health of all Canadians? CIHI&eacirc;’s Canadian Population Health Initiative (CPHI) examines many factors that influence the health of Canadians. Key factors include place of residence, socio-economic status, mental health and well-being, and healthy living and behaviours, including healthy weight.