In 2017, there were 86,644 physicians in Canada, representing a 3.1% increase over 2016. There were 234 physicians per 100,000 population; 8% of physicians were located in rural areas and 92% were concentrated in urban areas. Overall, the average age of physicians was 50. 59% of practising physicians in Canada were male, and 26% were trained internationally.
In 2016–2017, total gross clinical payments to physicians increased 2.8% over the previous year to $26.4 billion. Fee-for-service payments accounted for 73% of gross clinical payments, and alternative payments accounted for 27%. In 2016–2017, the average gross clinical payment per physician was $342,000. The average payment to family medicine physicians was $ 277,000; the average payment to medical specialists was $357,000; and the average payment to surgical specialists was $ 477,000.
Family medicine profile
In 2017, 54% of family medicine physicians were male and 46% were female. The average age of male family medicine physicians was 53, while the average age of female family medicine physicians was 46. 30% of family medicine physicians were trained internationally.
Medical specialists profile
In 2017, 61% of medical specialists were male and 39% were female. The average age of male medical specialists was 53, while the average age of female medical specialists was 47. 24% of medical specialists were trained internationally.
Surgical specialists profile
In 2017, 71% of surgical specialists were male and 29% were female. The average age of male surgical specialists was 53, while the average age of female surgical specialists was 44. 17% of surgical specialists were trained internationally.