Measuring Health Inequalities: An Introduction

In collaboration with other national, provincial and regional organizations, CIHI is promoting the measurement of health inequalities through the reporting of health indicator results by socio-economic status and demographic factors.

Measuring health inequalities across subpopulations can help advance health equity — a growing priority for health systems in Canada. Despite improvements in the overall health of Canadians, recent evidence has shown that not all population groups (e.g., low income, rural/remote and racialized groups) have benefited equally.


Featured material

For the Measuring Trends in Health Inequalities in Cities project, led by the Urban Public Health Network, CIHI calculated rates of health care use and measured income-related inequalities. Results are available at the city (e.g., Greater Toronto Area) and municipal (e.g., Markham) levels.

Hospitalization rates for opioid poisonings

Day surgery rates for dental caries in children

Hospitalization rates for COPD                 

How to Use Health Inequality Data Tables

Additional resources

Toolkit (2019)

Developed in collaboration with key health system stakeholders, our toolkit helps analysts and researchers measure and report on health inequalities, with a focus on stratifying health indicators.

Explore the toolkit >

Interactive tool (2019)

Explore health inequalities by year and changes over time at national and provincial levels.

Discover the tool >