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The hospital standardized mortality ratio (HSMR) is an important measure to improve patient safety and quality of care in Canadian hospitals.

The HSMR adjusts for factors that affect in-hospital mortality rates, such as patient age, sex, diagnosis and admission status. It then compares the actual number of deaths in a hospital with the average Canadian experience. The ratio provides a starting point to assess mortality rates and identify areas for improvement to help reduce hospital deaths.

The HSMR was developed in the United Kingdom in the mid-1990s and has been used by several countries. When tracked over time, the ratio can be a motivator for change. The HSMR indicates how successful hospitals and health regions have been in reducing inpatient deaths—leading to improved patient care. CIHI has led the effort in calculating HSMRs for Canada and publishes results for eligible facilities and regions in all provinces.

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HSMR information

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Reports and analyses about HSMR

Methodology for HSMR

HSMR resources

Key projects about HSMR